- Location of Outlets, NEC 210-52(a): Receptacle outlets to
be installed so that no point along the floor line in any wall space is more than 6 ft.
measured horizontally, from an outlet in that space, including any wall space 2 ft. or
more in width.
- Two- 20-amp "small-appliance"
branch circuits (wired with min. #12 copper or #10 aluminum or copper
clad aluminum) are required to serve the kitchen counter outlets.
NEC 210-52(b) 1.
Lighting loads are not permitted on these circuits. The breaker
or fuses should have 20-amp
- Kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, dining room and
refrigerator, NEC 210-52(b): Need 20-amp small appliance circuits. See also ampere
rating of receptacles
- Outlets needed at Counter Tops, NEC 210-52(c): Counters
wider than 12" need a receptacle outlet. No point along the wall line can be more
than 24" from receptacle outlets.
- Receptacle Outlets shall not be installed
more than 18" above the countertop. NEC 210-52(c)(5).
Outlets can be installed above 18", but they cannot be counted as part of the required number of outlets at the counter.
space Receptacles & GFCI protection, NEC
210-8(a)6: Where receptacles are installed to serve the countertop surfaces;
they shall have Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupter Protection for Personnel
(GFCI). , ,
Receptacles installed for disposals, dishwashers and trash compactors,
as permitted in NEC section 422-16, are not required to be
- Receptacle Outlets within 6 ft. from
Wet Bar Sinks and Laundry Tubs, NEC 210-8(a)7: Where receptacles are
installed to serve the countertop surfaces and are located within 6
ft. of the outside edge of the wet bar sink, they shall have Ground-Fault
Circuit-Interrupter Protection for Personnel (GFCI). ,
Cords Serving Appliances in Kitchen, NEC 422-16: May be used to
connect appliances to an electric outlet. Maximum cord length
should be 18"-36" to connect a Garbage Disposal and 36"-48" to
connect a built-in Dishwasher or Compactor.
- Face-Up Receptacles in Counter space or Work Surfaces,
NEC 210-52(c)5: Are not permitted.
- Receptacle Outlets at Island and Peninsular
Counter Space, NEC 210-52(c)2 & 3: At least one outlet is required
when long dimension is 24" or more and a short dimension of 12"
- Branch-circuit conductors
supplying household ranges, wall-mounted ovens, counter-mounted cooking
units, and other household cooking appliances shall have an
ampacity not less than the rating of the branch circuit and not less
than the max. load to be served. 210-19(b).
ranges of 8 3/4 kw or more rating, the min. branch-circuit rating shall
be 40 amperes.
Grounding Conductor for Appliances, NEC 250-140:
In new installations, the grounded conductor, neutral, is NOT permitted
to be used as the equipment grounding conductor for grounding electric
ranges, ovens, cook tops, and dryers. This means 120/240 volt appliances
will have to be installed with four wires (with insulated green ground).
- A min. 40-amperes branch-circuit
rating would be as follows:
No. 8 AWG copper, Type TW= 40 Amps, OR
No. 6 AWG aluminum, Type TW= 40 Amps
for other applications. There are
other exceptions- see 210-19(c).
- Receptacle and GFCI circuit breaker
- CALIF: The kitchen's primary light fixtures (general
lighting) should be energy efficient- i.e. fluorescent (not incandescent). California
Energy Standards. See the following sketches for more clarifications. , , ,